Interviewed by archivist Jennifer Larson at Gimbel Library at Parsons School of Design. Spiegel speaks about his educational experiences in New York, Vermont, and Philadelphia. He discusses his time as a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War, and subsequent studies within Parsons’ environmental design program, founded in 1973. During this time, Spiegel worked with Central Park Conservancy, Project for Public Spaces, and several community gardens in the Bronx. Upon graduation in 1976, Spiegel went to work for his father-in-law’s company, which specialized in developing and designing passive solar houses. He eventually began his own interior design firm, Spiegel-Horton Designs, with fellow Parsons alumnus, Joey Horton, who graduated in 1973. In the 1990s, Spiegel relocated to Seattle where he now lives and works. Spiegel discusses his work with Michael Kalil in Seattle and New York, which includes their design project for NASA — an experimental space station habitat — and Boeing, as well as the founding of the Michael Kalil Endowment. Features on Kalil’s design work, in Interiors, Omni, and Metropolis magazines, are discussed, as well as a 1991 New York Times article about Kalil’s work at the building where he lived on 76th Street, shortly before his death. Spiegel compares Kalil to Buckminster Fuller.