Enrique Garcia Carrera
(designer)Jorge Alessio Robles
(thesis advisor)Charles G. Stone
(thesis advisor)Robert Prouse
The paper puts forth as a premise the need for a lighting designer to know, understand and deal with the particular historical, geographic, cultural and technological issues generated by the location of a particular project. The paper focuses on one particular country: Mexico, and one particular architectural style: Contemporary Mexican Architecture. It is established early on that vernacular forms of construction, Sun control and artificial illumination should not be abandoned in order to make way for international styles which might not suit the particular climate, cultural or economic conditions of the regions. In order to better understand the vernacular forms of building and lighting, the thesis goes back to the history of architecture and lighting in Mexico, from its earliest indigenous civilizations, through its colonization by Spain, to contemporary Mexico, always taking into account the cultural and geographic factors that have shaped and altered architecture and lighting throughout history. A survey takes place of some of today’s successful Mexican architects, what their concept of light and architectural lighting are, and how they deal with particular issues of sunlighting and artificial lighting within their projects. The paper looks to learn what the technical and aesthetic state of architectural lighting is in Mexico today. To do so, lighting design elements of Contemporary Mexican Architecture are analyzed, and where deemed suitable, alternate solutions are offered. Finally, based on the historic and present state of lighting and architecture in Mexico, a course of action is proposed to insure the growth and maturing of architectural lighting design in Mexico.
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