The New School Archives Digital Collections

Parsons School of Design MFA Photography program theses2012 Theses ➔ Untitled


Related person/organization

Phoenix Lindsey-Hall (artist)


July 12 2012


Since the 1980s, there has been an increase in research performed to perceive the cultural and personal implications of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) hate crimes. Through critique and analysis, researchers have learned that anti-LGBT hate crime perpetrators are predominantly ordinary young men who do not have a criminal background and are often middle-class and white. 1 Over and over, it is these ordinary young men that play out their ideas of masculinity to police what they perceive to be gender appropriateness and normalcy. This policing results in acts of extreme violence in which the victims are interchangeable representations of their larger cultural group, reminding others in the group that they could be victims at any time. Victims’ bodies then become the grounds on which young men and adolescents mimic stereotypical male associated traits such as aggression, strength and domination. In addition, anti-LGBT violence places the aggressor in direct opposition to what they perceive as defiant or unnatural gender behavior, creating the perfect tool which aggressors use to prove their own heterosexuality and, therefore, their perceived normalcy.




Phoenix Lindsey-Hall. Untitled. July 12 2012. Parsons School of Design MFA Photography program theses; 2012 Theses. New School Archives and Special Collections Digital Archive. Web. 19 Apr 2019.

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