Dan W. Dodson is introduced; he was, at the time, professor of sociology at NYU New York University and director of the NYU Center for Human Relations Studies. Dodson describes his work community organizing for housing reform and against segregation (both legislated and de facto). He specifically discusses a number of court cases, including Brown V. Board of Education, Bulah v. Gebhart, and Plessy v. Ferguson. He also expresses the view that obstructions to desegregation are in fact obstructions to requests for additional funds; Dodson argues that at least $200 million is required to restore schools’ quality to 1940 levels. Dodson also emphasizes the many outcomes of segregation — whether ipso facto or de facto — from psychological trauma on enrolled children to its impact on teachers. He details the impact of the Great Migration and white flight on urban school districts, specifically New York, Pittsburgh, Newark, and Chicago. He also discusses the infrastructural challenges faced by New York City public schools, and mentions several measures taken to assist and intervene with at-risk youth. During the question and answer period, Dodson, one of the few speakers in the lecture series who is not a person of color, answers a number of questions about identity, integration, and a potential second boycott of public schools.